Georgia has one of oldest and diverse cultures, which is reflected in cultural monuments and various types of art works created BC. Goldsmith and architecture (Vani, Uplistsikhe) were developed Before Christ in Georgian states (Iberia, Kolkheti). Georgian tribes produced metal in Neolithic era, and according to Greek sources, Cochis was rich with gold. Georgian cultural traditions were mixed with traditions of other countries during historical periods. It has further enriched local civilization. Antique culture had especially influenced old Georgia (Goddess of Victory Nike, Vani).
According to old sources, Georgian Alphabet was created by King Pharnavaz (3-4 Centuries BC). Bilingual Bilingue of second century was found in Mtskheta, Armaziskhevi. Georgian alphabet sample was found in Palestine and dates back to the 30s of the 5th century. The oldest of the inscriptions found on Georgian territory is the inscription of Bolnisi Sioni (493—494). The first Georgian literary monument is hagiography work "The Martyrdom of Shushanik" (5th century), author of which is Jacob Khutses, Tsurtaveli. Adoption of Christianity as state religion in fourth century has laid ground to new Christian culture in Georgian. It was most prosperous in IX Century, when following ecclesiastical-cultural monuments were established in south-western Georgia (Tao-Klarjeti, now in Turkey) Khandzta, Opiza, Shatberdi, Ishkhani, Oshki and more. This process was greatly contributed by Grigol Khandzteli, who guided monastic life in that region.
Georgia is one of the oldest wine regions in the world. The fertile valleys of the South Caucasus house the source of the world's first cultivated grapevines and neolithic wine production, from over 8,000 years ago. Due to the many millennia of wine in Georgian history, and its key economical role, the traditions of its viticulture are entwined and inseparable with the country's national identity. Among the best-known regions of Georgia where wine is produced are Kakheti (further divided onto micro-regions of Telavi and Kvareli), Kartli, Imereti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, and Abkhazia. UNESCO added the ancient traditional Georgian winemaking method using the Kvevri clay jars to the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists
Georgian Folk Music and Dance Georgian folk music and dance is a great treasure, which distinguishes Georgia from other countries by its uniqueness and culture. Its essence is derived from the depth of millennia. Artistry is one of the most important components of uniqueness of Georgian dance, particularly, men's plastic and facial expressions are emphasized. Georgian dance demonstrates true national characters and spirit. Historical predecessor of folk choreography is “hunting dance” – performed in honor fertility god, "Shushpa". Georgian dances were improved and developed along the time, which is one of most important factors of our country’s awareness to the world. As for the music, according to Russian musicologist F. Belyaeva - “the main characteristic of the Georgian folk music is original and fine choral polyphony, which is also used in sacred music. Georgian folk songs were polyphonic from ancient time." Interestingly, each region has its characteristic musical dialect, number of which is up to 15.
Georgian Hospitality and Feast Traditions Georgia is known to the world as one of most hospitable countries. Georgian Supra and wine traditions are very popular in the country. Here are the dishes prepared only by Georgians. For example, Khinkali, Adjarian Khachapuri or Churchkhela. They are important parts of Georgian Supra. Structure of Supra is characterized by harmonic mixture of delicious food, wine, toasts, music and dance. Georgians have unique culture of the toasts. It is demonstrated by following saying – “Georgian Supra is kind of academy…” As for the wine, Georgia has rich wine-making culture. “there is know place on the earth except Georgia, where people drink so much and so aromatic wine…” – written by 17th century French traveler Chardin about Georgia.
Georgian Traditional Clothes Georgian traditional clothes are one of most important parts of Georgian culture, which were created upon lifestyle, history, location and bio-geographical structure of the country. It is reflection of Georgian spirit and character. Georgian Chokha demonstrates distinct feature of local clothes. Several years ago, cranial of first residents of Eurasian continent were discovered in Dmanisi archaeological excavation, considered to be the first Europeans living one million eight hundred thousand years ago.
Georgian are always proud of their cultural traditions, which has evolved during the centuries. Although, Georgia is a small country, it was always trying to make its contributions to the world civilization development process.
Cuisine Foreign travelers are amazed by Georgian wine. This amazement is stipulated by the fact that Georgian vine is oldest in the world. Vine and wine has acquired huge importance of the nation and have become indivisible part of Georgian culture. Wine has important role in Christianity. The bread and wine received during the Eucharist is associated with blood of Jesus Christ. Vine is also mentioned in Christianize legend of Georgia. St. Nino preached Christianity in Georgia with vine bound cross. Turning vine into cross was spiritual ceremony of sharing divine knowledge. It is worth mentioning that there is no “vine cross cult” in any country other than in Georgia. Number of songs are related to the vine, including the distinguished work of the son of David the Builder Prince Demetre - "you are the vineyard" dedicated to the Mother of God. Vine ornaments are found in churches and monasteries. Thus, the relationship between the vine and the man in Georgia is blessed. Wine has always been considered a sacred divine plant in our country.
Georgia is the country of legends. According to the one of oldest and interesting legends, wine was created by god: God was searching for a place in the world to cultivate vine. Finally, he chose the place, where nightingale, lion and pig bones were buried and this was Georgia. When god planted vine and made wine, it had the features of creatures, upon the bones of which vine was cultivated. When a man drinks a little wine, his conversation is pleasant as nightingale’s singing, when he drinks more, he is becoming like lion with an illusion to overcome any obstacles, and when he gets wasted, man is like a pig, easy to understand why. Aka Morchiladze writes “I believe, if there was no wine, Georgia would be something different. If Georgia holds anything, one of them is wine. You drink when you are happy or when you are sad, drink from morning to midnight, wine unifies, separates, wine hides our sadness, awakes sense of artistry, wine helps a man to relax and organize his thinking. Flavor coming out of Kvevri is one of biggest wonders in Georgia. There is nothing better, authentic, older than wine in Georgia. Wine is immortal and nobody can deny it. Much wine is made in California too, but in Georgia it has different meaning, wine is eternal and whole country can be found in it.” Vineyard was spiritual place for Georgian man. It is and will remain source of economic and spiritual strength of Georgia.